1.The Wayuu is one of the oldest indigenous tribes of the American continent. Unlike other tribes, it managed to survive the persecution and extermination by the colonizers. They settled in Colombia in the desert of La Guajira, and in Venezuela in the state of Zulia. At present, they are 45% of the population in the Department of La Guajira and 11% of the population of Zulia state in Venezuela.
“Suchepa” Face Painting
2. The Wayuu economy is based on agricultural activities, fishing, and crafts. The latter has become the emblem of Wayuu women and their recognition throughout the world. According to Wayuu's story, the art of weaving was taught by Wale Kerü (the spider woman) in the technique of crochet, and it is the way the adult women transmit this tradition to the younger women.
Goats in Corral
3. The most important product is the mochila, which has become part of the Colombian tradition and the Wayuu heritage. That is because when a Wayuu woman weaves a mochila, she weaves her dreams, interweaves her life in each stitch, expressing her deepest thoughts. To make a mochila, you need to choose from weaving a double tread fabric or a single tread one. In the first one, the woman takes about three days to finish the mochila. The second one takes around three weeks, and that is because the design is extremely detailed. They need to have a high level of ability in this technique to make the mochila.
Wayuu Woman Weaving
Vogue magazine Wayuu Mochila
Cosmospolitan magazine Wayuu Mochila
Magazine with Katy Perry with a Wayuu Mochila
5. The rancheria is a set of traditional houses intertwined harmoniously with their surroundings. It has at least one enramada (Quiosque), a ranch, a kitchen, and corrals.
7. It the housing unit of a Rancheria. It has a gabled roof that can be of Yotojolo or Trupillo bark. The walls of the ranch are made of Bahareque or Yotojolo.
Enea straw or coconut palm tree leaves are used for for the roof covering, and the wooden boards for the walls. This material is collected on the beach, and it all depends on the availability.
*local trees (Yotojolo, trupillo)
LIVING IN THE DESERT. HOW IS THAT?
The scarcity of water is the main problem for the inhabitants of the Guajira. Due to the prevailing drought, it is difficult to subject the land to any farming. There are two rainy seasons, the first one takes place between September and December, and it is called Juyapu. The second one is Iwa, and it is shorter, from April to May.
And this is me, Silvia, enjoying this little piece of my lovely Guajira in Colombia, in the dry but beautiful desert, where the sea meets the sky; God put in my heart so many dreams since childhood. One of this is "Silvia Ardila Love by Grace" .. See you in the next article... And you will know about this.